Mayan Jade with 1 Muluc

On 7th February 2013 at sunset we reach the thirteen day cycle of the Eastern sign 1 MULUC – Kin number 209 in the sacred Mayan Calendar.

Jade bead

Jade bead

Muluc translated as water and rain is also the jade, a very precious stone for the Maya. Its glyph can be seen as a drop of water or a jade bead.

Day-sign Muluc from the Maya Cards

Day-sign Muluc from the Maya Cards

In Maya culture, jade is often given as ceremonial offerings to the rain deities in cenotes, the limestone natural reservoirs which enclose waters of the same fertile, green hues. Characterising the ancient Mayan elite, the rare jade adorns rulers with its necklaces, ear flares, pendants, plates and masks.

Mayan jade mask

Mayan jade mask

Jade pendant - Tikal

Jade pendant – Tikal

Jade sculptures go back as early as the Olmec civilisation in the Pre-classic period (1500 BC to 400 BC).
The Olmecs were highly talented with jade and preferred the blue-green type.

In Guatemala a range of up to 40 jade colours is found as well as transluscent and more opaque pieces.
In Mesoamerica mostly jadeite is found. It is a harder type of jade, a silicate of sodium and aluminium that the Classic Maya collected from rivers in the Motagua Valley of Guatemala.

The skillful scribes used hard tools such as quartz, flint, obsidian and jade itself to incise pendants with portraits of rulers and hieroglyphic texts. They are renowned for their level of extraordinary minute detail.
The craftmen also use a red polishing finish such as red hematite powder or cinnabar to enhance their carvings. On the left, the picture of the famous Leiden plate shows a 4th century Tikal ruler holding its double-headed sky serpent staff of office.

Other themes featured on jade are deities, plants and power animals such as the jaguar.

Funeral masks are often made of jade and the Maya placed jade beads in the mouth of the dead. As the person was dying the bead was catching their spirit as they expire.

As vegetation and the waters of Muluc, jade is therefore a potent symbol of life and regeneration.
Used as a sacred stone in many ancient primitive tribes, jade creates harmony. It will facilitate access to spiritual worlds and the ‘dreamtime’ realms. It can enhance our connection to Mayan ancestral knowledge.

To consult the dates for our next Mayan Calendar Workshops go to Events.

For our Mayan Calendar Publications, click Products.

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